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Scientists discover new kind of human brain cell

Aug 29, 2018, 8:39 AM EDT
(Source: National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences/flickr)
(Source: National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences/flickr)

The human brain, a mysteriously fascinating machine, doesn’t cease to surprise neuroscientists. This time, a team from the U.S. and Europe has discovered a new and perhaps unique kind of human brain cells in the upper layer of the cortex.

The newly-spotted “rosehip neurons” are small, compact and bushy in shape, with large, bulbous structures at the point from where they relay signals to other cells, the peculiar morphology that inspired their name, notes Science.

The “rosehip neurons,” exclusively found in humans and perhaps other primates, are inhibitory in nature, which means they regulate the activity of other cells in the brain and could have a role in brain disorders, reports Independent.

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